The Adamello Park is at the heart of the Alps, in the Rhaetian Alps, and includes the whole Lombardy side of the Adamello massif situated in the north-east of the province of Brescia. It covers 51,000 hectares (510 km2), from Passo del Tonale to Crocedomini; to the east the Park border coincides with the regional border between Lombardy and Trentino, to the west its boundary is just above the left bank of the River Oglio, the fifth longest Italian river. The Adamello Park occupies the left side of the Camonica Valley. From Tonale to the south, the municipalities whose territory is at least partly included in the Park are the following: Ponte di Legno, Temù, Vione, Vezza d’Oglio, Incudine, Edolo, Sonico, Malonno, Berzo Demo, Cedegolo, Cevo, Saviore dell’Adamello, Paspardo Cimbergo, Ceto, Braone, Niardo, Breno and Prestine.
The importance of the Adamello Park is also undoubtedly due to its position because it acts as a link between two nearby parks: the Trentino Adamello-Brenta Park on its eastern boundary and the Stelvio National Parkto the north , which in turn borders with the Swiss Engadine National Park. So there is now a protected area of 250,000 hectares in the heart of Europe, the largest in the Alps and one of the most captivating, and of which the Adamello Park is the southernmost tip. The Adamello Massif, home to the largest glacier in Italy (according to current estimates, approximately 18 km2), has a radial shape so its ridges and mountain ranges branch out from the central glaciers of the top plateau, dividing up into the submassifs of Baitone, Frisozzo and Blumone.
Peaks, ridges and mountains dominate the valleys throughout the park. The main valleys, from north to south, are: Narcanello, Valbione, Avio, Vallaro, Paghéra of Vezza d’Oglio, Finale, Gallinéra, Rabbia, Malga, Saviore, Salarno, Adamé, Paghéra of Ceto, Re, Fa, Stabio, Valli,Bona, Cadino and Càffaro valleys.
Visiting Adamello Park
You can travel to the Adamello Park from Lombardy, South Tyrol and Trentino.
By car you can reach the park, taking:
- the main roads from Brescia and Bergamo which meet near the town of Darfo Boario Terme to become the Mendola Main road, which runs along the western edges of the park from Breno to the Tonale Pass;
- the main road from Valtellina to Edolo, via Aprica;
- the main roads that from Bolzano, following the Mendola road, and from Trento, via Cles and Malé, reach the Park at the Tonale Pass.
However, it is recommended to venture into the inner heart of the Park with excursions on foot to enjoy the splendid natural and environmental aspects of the park..Almost all the country lanes and numerous paths have been reopened in recent years and marked with clear signposts to assist visitors. Thanks to a network of almost 1000 km of paths there is a trail to please everyone: from a simple family excursion along trails that wind through the woods to an exciting and demanding alpine climb at high altitude, perhaps even crossing the legendary Pian di Neve glacier. In some areas of the park, you can follow mule tracks by mountain bike or on horseback through forests of conifers and broad-leaved trees , particularly along the”Via Valeriana “.
One of the most spectacular trails is the “Alta Via dell’Adamello” ,also known as Adamello High Trail, which is 50km long and crosses almost the whole park. For high mountain excursions you should be equipped with warm clothing in case of unexpected bad weather, hiking boots, maps and a compass. There are several refuges near and along the most popular trails , managed by the Italian Alpine Club or privately own, which provide a safe base for hikers.